Currently being implemented in Russian schools teaching four concepts of the economy: traditional-oriented 'normative teaching', a description of the ideal models of the economy; Academic, according to which economic school education is seen as a simplified higher; business – oriented, in which information about the economy served as a system of practical advice and which is aimed at developing skills in the conduct of economic life; cultural and functional, aimed at the formation of general ideas about the world economy, the respective values, and based on them – their ability to conduct in the economy. Solving the problem of socialization is the most appropriate cultural and functional approach. It helps develop in students not only adequate representation of the essence of economic phenomena, but also create appropriate behavior skills in real economic life. It is in this approach is formed economic thinking, which represents knowledge fusion device of economic reality, the awareness of his place in it, as well as mastering the rules of economic behavior, economic, cultural, and thus are prerequisites for graduate socialization. The problem of economic education in this case – to give not only quality education but also provide: in education – the development of students' basic knowledge about modern economy principles and the laws governing its operation and development, skills, economic activity, ie activity in the choice situation; in self-awareness – understanding of their individual economic potential formation of informed civil economic behavior; in motivation – the development of interest in the problems of the economy, the continuing need for economic knowledge, the pursuit of civilized Enterprise, which should be a means of social protection, facilitate the resolution of employment problems of young people, their adaptation to the market.