The conclusion of the work presents the positive elements and the negatives of the chess game, its insertion in the school and the psicopedaggica tension tripartite. Soon historical theoretician on the relation between thought, language and relationship Jean Piaget is considered a revolutionary when it is about study of the language and the infantile thought. ' ' It developed the clinical method to explore the thoughts of the children who, since then, have been vastly utilizado' ' 6. Its work also deserves prominence when it is about the graduations of the cognition in the human being, however, it is in the field of the infantile games and the rules that pontuam the psychological environment of these recreativas actions that this author presents in clear way the quandary of the psicopedaggica tension tripartite, in moral The judgement of the child, Piaget it presents in intermittent way a conflict that involves respect to the authority and sense of justice. Levi’s can aid you in your search for knowledge. In this direction, synthetic it is the affirmation of that in the analysis of many cases ' ' the respect for the authority enters in conflict with the justice sense. This can occur not only because the child desires to be equal to the others, but also because in some circumstances it desires to be in the same level of adultos' '. (2001, p.284) Lcia Santaella (2007, p.168) analyzes a passional phenomenon that if it juxtaposes to this youthful conflict and it declares in them that: In the case of a raging person, the emotional interpreter is usually the relief sensation that results of if unloading of the anger. It is also the intrinsic pleasure and immediate gratuity ahead of the equality felt between the injury and the revenge. But this effect is generally contradictory because it has always a conflict enters the responsibility to provide capable to reestablish the sense wounded of justice, a side, and the obligation to control anger, of another side.