Jean Marc Itard

Initially a first phase, marked for the recklessness is evidenced, in the age daily pay-Christian, where it had a total absence of attendance. The deficient ones were abandoned, pursued or eliminated had to its atypical conditions, and the society legitimized these actions as being normal. In the Christian age, according to Pessotti (1984), the treatment according to varied conceptions of predominant charity or punishment in the community where the deficient one was inserted. In one another period of training, in centuries XVIII and middle of century XIX, meets it institutionalization phase, where the individuals that presented deficiency was segregated and protected in residential institutions. The third period of training is marked, no longer final of century XIX and middle of century XX, for the development of special schools and/or classrooms in public schools, aiming at to offer to the deficient person an education to the part. In the room period of training, in the end of century XX, for return of the decade of 70, a movement of social integration of the individuals is observed that presented deficiency, whose objective age to integrate them in pertaining to school environments, next possible to those offered the normal person.

We can say that the integration phase was based on the fact of that the child would have to be educated until the limit of its capacity. In accordance with Mendes (1995), the defense of the limitless possibilities of the individual and the belief of that the education could make a significant difference in the development and the life of the people subsequent to appear in the philosophical movement the French Revolution. Of this moment in ahead the concept of educabilidade of the potential of the human being it passed also to be applied to the education of the people who presented mental deficiency. At the beginning of century XIX, the doctor Jean Marc Itard (1774-1838) developed the first attempts to educate a child with twelve years of age, Vitor call, more known as ' ' Savage of Aveyron' '.